Condition and use of reindeer winter pasture in the nature conservation
The amount of protected land area (national parks and strict nature reserves, totalling 12,518 km2) is about 10% of the reindeer herding area ( 122,936 km2) in Finland. With the inclusion of wilderness areas (totalling 14,873 km2), the level of protection rises to >22% (in Fell Lapland>80%). Survey response showed that almost all (96%) of the reindeer-herding cooperatives in the study (N = 26) considered the protection of forests in the nature conservation areas at least quite important. Almost all considered large predators in the protected land areas, especially brown bear, as being the biggest problem for reindeer husbandry in these areas. During 2001–2005 the most reindeer killed by large predators in the Urho Kekkonen national park were consistently those belonging to the Lappi reindeer-herding cooperative. The national parks and strict nature reserves were best suited to reindeer winter (39%) and spring pasture (30%). Of the reindeer-herding cooperatives in this study 92% were of the opinion that current reindeer-herding causes no problem for nature conservation, nor does reindeer overgrazing constitutethe gravest threat. In the winter of 2004–2005, however, 70% of reindeer-herding cooperativesfed reindeer in the forests, and of these, 53% in national parks and strict nature reserves.
Poron talvilaidunten käyttö ja kunto Pohjois-Suomen luonnonsuojelu- ja erämaa-alueilla
Riista- ja kalatalous.
Tutkimuksia, nro 3, 2010
ISBN 978-951-776-792-7 (pdf)
ISBN 978-951-776-791-0 (printed)
ISSN 1796-8879 (pdf)
ISSN 1796-8860 (printed)
Keywords: lichens, nature conservation and wilderness areas, predators, reindeer herding, winter
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